Fri. Dec 1st, 2023
    An Exploration Beneath the Antarctic Ice: Discovering the Secrets of Crevasses

    In a groundbreaking expedition led by Cornell University, a remotely operated underwater robot called Icefin has uncovered a remarkable discovery about the circulation patterns beneath Antarctic ice shelves. Contrary to previous models, the robot’s exploration of a crevasse in the Ross Ice Shelf revealed an unexpected jet funneling water sideways through the crack, in addition to rising and sinking currents. These observations provide vital information for understanding ice shelf melting and freezing rates at grounding zones, which have a significant impact on global sea-level rise.

    The study, titled “Direct Observations of Melting, Freezing and Ocean Circulation in an Ice Shelf Basal Crevasse,” sheds light on the role that crevasses play in transporting seawater and influencing the stability of Antarctic ice shelves. The team of scientists deployed the Icefin robot in late 2019, sending it down a 1,900-foot borehole near the Kamb Ice Stream, where the largest ice shelf in Antarctica meets the grounding zone.

    Equipped with advanced cameras, sensors, and thrusters, Icefin maneuvered along the crevasse, capturing detailed 3D measurements of ocean conditions near the coastline. The observations showcased a variety of ice formations shaped by shifting flows and temperatures. The crevasse acted as a conduit for water circulation, allowing the ocean to ventilate the cavity beneath the ice shelf. These newfound insights will significantly enhance existing models and allow for more accurate predictions of future sea-level rise.

    The study highlights the significance of crevasses in facilitating the transport of changing ocean conditions, such as warmer or colder waters, through the vulnerable regions of ice shelves. The circulation patterns observed in the crevasse reveal important dynamics between ocean temperatures and freezing processes. This knowledge is crucial in projecting the potential impacts of sea-level rise and underscores the need to include crevasse dynamics in future models.

    As the Icefin robot unraveled the mysteries beneath the Antarctic ice, it demonstrated the immense value of autonomous exploration in expanding our understanding of the complex interactions between ice shelves and the surrounding ocean. This groundbreaking research opens new avenues for studying the effects of climate change on the Antarctic ice sheet and underscores the urgency of taking action to mitigate the impacts of rising sea levels.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    What is a crevasse?

    A crevasse is a deep crack or fissure that forms in a glacier or ice sheet as a result of stress and movement.

    How do crevasses contribute to ice shelf stability?

    Crevasses play a vital role in circulating seawater beneath ice shelves. They transport changing ocean conditions and can influence ice shelf melting and freezing rates.

    What did the Icefin robot discover in the Antarctic crevasse?

    The Icefin robot discovered a jet funneling water sideways through the crevasse, in addition to rising and sinking currents. This finding challenges previous models and provides new insights into ocean circulation beneath ice shelves.

    Why is studying crevasse dynamics important for predicting sea-level rise?

    Understanding crevasse dynamics is crucial for accurate modeling of ice shelf melting and freezing rates. This information helps scientists project the potential impact of sea-level rise caused by climate change.